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July 22, 2012
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Canon
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Canon EOS 5D Mark II
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2/1 second
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40 mm
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Jul 21, 2012, 6:09:20 PM
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Adobe Photoshop CS5 Windows
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Peenemunde Nazi (Luftwaffe) Research Facility by Mafia--Hitman Peenemunde Nazi (Luftwaffe) Research Facility by Mafia--Hitman
Peenemünde is a small German village located on Usedom island on the Northern coast of Germany, and was selected to become a rocket proving ground and research facility after a site at Kummersdorf proved to be too small. The Reich Air Ministry paid 750,000 reichsmarks to purchase the entire northern peninsula of Usedom island in 1936 to develop two major areas of a secret base - the Army Research Center and rocket site on the eastern side, and a Luftwaffe test site on the west. The research center developed cutting-edge radar and night navigation systems, and most importantly, guided missile technology. The Luftwaffe ran V-1 cruise missile tests in the Werk West while new rocket technologies were developed at Peenemünde Ost. The first design developed at Peenemünde was the A3 rocket, which failed all test launches due to a faulty experimental inertial guidance system. After overhauling the design, the A4 was developed, and launched for the first time on October 3, 1942 with success. It was the first man-made object to achieve sub-orbital spaceflight, and was to become the model for all modern rockets. It was named Vergeltungswaffe 2 (Vengeance Weapon 2), or V-2 once production began in 1943. 5,200 rockets were produced after Hitler's order, with over 3,225 launches directed at London, Paris, Antwerp and Liege. An estimated 7,250 deaths have been attributed to the V2 destruction, and even more (an estimated 26,500 workers) have died during the production due to slave labor. In 1943, an assembly line for V-2 production was planned and tested, however after an allied bombing attack known as Operation Hydra, production was moved to the Mittelwerk, an underground complex in the Harz mountains. Three more bombing attacks from the U.S. ensued that year, and the evacuation of the Peenemünde research center was coordinated. The last V-2 launch was performed in February 1942 and shortly thereafter the site was evacuated by March. The Russian army found the site in mostly ruins when they arrived in 1945, and the destruction of the remainder of the site took place between 1948 and 1961 using explosives. The only operational facilities left were the power station, airport, and rail line to Zinnowitz, and the liquid oxygen production plant stands in ruins at the entrance to the town
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:iconmisteurlego:
misteurlego Aug 27, 2012  Hobbyist General Artist
oh my God, my grandfa was a prisonner in Swinemünde... i like all your stuff, but these two photos of Peenemünde have a particular meaning for me
Thanks a lot
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:iconmafia--hitman:
Mafia--Hitman Aug 27, 2012  Hobbyist Photographer
Sorry to hear about your Grandfather I hope he made it out of there alive because more people died in this area from slave labor than anywhere else...they developed the V@ rocket here and used the slave workforce to continuously keep production going on them.
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:iconmisteurlego:
misteurlego Aug 27, 2012  Hobbyist General Artist
hi, no problem with my grandfa, he went back from there, after a huge bombing at the end of the War, he was building & repairing boats in a prisoner camp. I thought Peenemünde & SwinemUnde were close, but actually they are a bit far from each other ^^.
Indeed Nazis & allied bombings killed a lot of people there...
Anyway your stuff on this subject is amazing!!
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:iconmafia--hitman:
Mafia--Hitman Aug 27, 2012  Hobbyist Photographer
Thank you very much!
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